The oral cavity is the mirror of the body. Our dentition is very sensitive to physical or emotional distress. Because of anxiety, for example, bleeding of the gums may appear – this is how gingivitis manifests itself. Now, due to the forced isolation and the global cataclysm, we are all in a terrible overextension, which makes us vulnerable. And then there’s the spring vitamin deficiency with a seasonal decrease in immunity. In order for our teeth and gums to survive the quarantine period without loss, we need to carefully and fully maintain self-hygiene. Ekaterina Smirnova, a hygienist at the Studio32 clinic, talks about how to properly brush your teeth, use an irrigator and select hygiene products for various dental conditions.
Self-isolation to help
You need to carry out personal hygiene at least twice a day, without neglecting brushing your teeth before bed! This recommendation sounds trite, but experience shows that, unfortunately, most people brush their teeth once a day. At the same time, you need to brush your teeth correctly – according to certain techniques and procedures. There are many videos on the Internet that tell and show how to effectively remove a dangerous plaque. Self-isolation is a great excuse to address your oral health. We now have access to personal hygiene products around the clock, which means you can brush your teeth after each meal and finally learn how to do it correctly and slowly.
Mandatory minimum while brushing your teeth
Now in the arsenal of people who really think about the health of their teeth, in addition to a toothbrush and toothpaste, there must be an irrigator. No matter how super-technological a toothbrush is: electric, ultrasonic, created according to Swiss technologies, according to American ones, it is not able to clean the interdental spaces. It is there that food debris is clogged, which means that the main infection accumulates. According to WHO statistics, caries in the interdental spaces (interdental caries) is the most common caries on the planet. An oral irrigator is a device that allows you to wash off all contaminants with a stream of water or a medicinal solution, even from the most inaccessible places. This device has no contraindications, it is suitable even for children.
But it is important to remember that an irrigator is not a replacement for a toothbrush, but a must-have addition. At least twice a day, we must brush our teeth, and each time thereafter, treat the interdental spaces with an irrigator. Cleaning of the tongue should be included in the required minimum of daily hygiene. There are special scrapers for removing plaque from the tongue. This is a fairly convenient tool. If not, you can use a regular toothbrush. After we have brushed our teeth, interdental spaces and tongue, the final chord will be rinsing the mouth with a special solution.
How to choose a good toothbrush
It is a big misconception that the harder the brush, the better it removes plaque. Not at all. Use only soft and super soft toothbrushes. To understand whether the bristles will harm the gums, you can use a simple test: take a ripe tomato and press a toothbrush against the skin, if there is a dent, then it is better to refuse such a brush.
It is imperative that the toothbrush should be changed every six months, or even earlier if the wear marker is discolored. The villi of the brush should be even and straight, if they are loosened, it is time to throw it away to avoid injury to the gums. Do not periodically wash the brush with soap and boiling water. These are the old “old-fashioned” methods, which will only violate the properties of the fiber of modern toothbrushes, the effect of brushing will be worsened.
Ideally, pick up your toothbrush and toothpaste with a personal hygienist. If you are at all worried about the condition of the dentition, you should consult a professional hygienist, periodontist, or at least for advice from a dentist who will recommend a therapeutic paste and a brush. Now this can be done even through online consultations.
Toothbrushes and single-beam brushes
These are very effective personal hygiene products, but they must be selected by a personal hygienist or periodontist. After all, you need to determine the shape and size of the tooth brush, depending on the position of the teeth, on the interdental space. If you have personally picked up a brush or a single-beam brush, then you should definitely use these tools. If not, then it is extremely difficult to choose such funds on your own – there is a high probability that you will not guess with the size and shape and will aggravate your problems by injuring your gums. In this regard, the same irrigator is an absolutely safe and universal remedy that does not require a doctor’s prescription.
Toothpicks and dental floss
A toothpick is the biggest evil man invented for teeth. It can only be used for one purpose – to cook canapes. If a person tries to remove the remnants of food from the interdental spaces with a toothpick, then in most cases he injures the gingival papilla, which is located between the teeth. Injury to the circular ligament of the tooth leads to bleeding of the gums. When this happens regularly in the same place, chronic inflammation develops in the gums, which causes an increase in the periodontal pocket and injures the bone plates located between the teeth. Toothpicks are deceptively relieving, but in fact only exacerbate the problem.
As for dental floss, there are three main types: regular waxed dental floss (floss), superfloss and flossstick. A flossstick is a kind of bow – a piece of thread is held on a special stick, which is quite convenient to use. Superflossa has a fleecy part, which allows better cleaning of food debris from the interdental space. Dental floss is a good way to clean your teeth, but again, you need to use it correctly so as not to injure your gums.
How to care for crowns, implants and ceramic restorations
According to the rules of dentistry, after the installation of crowns or implants, the doctor must give the patient a list of care recommendations, choose a brush, a brush or a single-beam brush, paste, irrigator and rinse. Without this, we can say that the specialist has not completed his work. Any restorations require special care and individual analysis. Again, a personal hygienist, periodontist, and dentist can help with this. But in any case, the presence of crowns and implants requires the use of an irrigator without fail, ideally, to carry out hygiene, brushing your teeth after each meal (this is quite possible for self-isolation), or at least rinsing your teeth and mouth.
Hygiene with exposed tooth roots
Often in people with dysfunction of the chewing system, associated either with overload of the teeth, or with the loss of supporting bone tissue, the so-called gum recession is formed: the necks of the teeth become bare and wedge-shaped defects are formed. These defects, as a rule, are sensitive to temperature (cold-hot) and chemical (sour-sweet) stimuli. Often people go the wrong way, placing seals in these areas. Seals in such a place cannot be installed hermetically, which means that secondary caries will develop under them. In case of gingival recessions, the root cause must be eliminated, the tooth sealed and the gum returned to its proper place using a microsurgical procedure. When a person has such pathologies, for hygiene it is imperative to use gel-like pastes that do not have an abrasive component in them, and,
What is better not to do at home
Homemade whitening treatments, especially the use of whitening pastes, can damage the surface of your teeth and gums. It is better not to use such products without consulting a specialist. You should not try to remove tartar using folk methods or special sticks. The fact is that after removing tartar, it is imperative to polish the teeth and carry out special processing. It is problematic to do this at home, so it is better to wait for the opportunity to do professional hygiene. People with healthy teeth and gums need to carry out professional oral hygiene twice a year, but if there are crowns, implants and gum disease, then three to four times a year. Of course, now, due to the pandemic, there is no opportunity to visit a specialist, therefore, the importance of correct and effective personal hygiene is increasing.